Decorative lawn – it is part of the territory that shape artificially sown turf grasses.
Decorative lawn bred in gardens, parks, squares, forest parks, residential areas, farms and other places.
English lawn – the highest quality if lawns. They are typically installed as architectural compositions accents near public buildings, monuments, fountains, etc. It looks best being 2-3 cm height. Best English lawn seeding obtained pure culture. They require very careful soil preparation and maintenance. They must be long-standing and easily withstand cutting. These are only a lawn decoration that you can’t walk or play on it. These lawn very popular in England, because of that it called English lawn.
Universal lawn is usually sown in larger areas. They are the areas in parks, squares, boulevards, courtyards, etc. These lawns are cut 4-6 cm in height. They must be presentable, long-term, frequent cutting tolerant, drought-resistant and shade. These properties are suitable for sowing grass mixtures. Different mixtures of different lawn and a number of other lawn owners of the important properties, such as color, texture, growth rate, and so on.
Wild lawn takes large areas of forest parks, large parks and the like. Typically, they are formed by improving an existing turf. They are mown much less and they are often allowed to blossom.
Moorish (blooming) lawn – they are prepared special mixtures of annual and perennial grasses and blooming wildflowers. Flowers are selected with different flowering periods in order to be a blossoming lawn all season. This lawn has the advantage that it requires very little maintenance. These lawns should be installed near the water, rear courtyards and places which are unsuitable for crops.
Sports lawn – they are installed in stadiums, playgrounds, racecourses, massive venues. They are distinguished by the fact that it is easy to cut, tear-resistant and quick recovery.
Special-purpose lawn – the lawn is designed to be in near car or railroads, canals, reservoirs on the slopes or anywhere that need to consolidate the land surface.
1924 m., a famous Czech writer Karel Capek (Karel Čapek), during a visit to London’s Hyde Park, was impressed with the beauty of the lawn. When he saw the park supervisor that he asked:
– Sir, could you tell me what the secret of the English lawn?
Supervisor answered to him:
– Sir, there is no mystery here. Just need to mow the lawn every day … 300 years.
To make it easier to understand why in the park supervisor words are a lot of truth, let’s look at a typical mowing grasses structure of the morphological side. We can see the picture of the place where the grass is mown, there is a longer period of time they are not mowing and allowing it to grow.
Mowed standard height for a long time uncut grass, practically all the leaves are removed, leaving only the stem. After the mowing, for the time being, the lawn becomes yellow, rough and ugly. That is why, after a longer time mowing, mowing height should be increased and after a few mowings to normal.
So obviously, the more often mowed, the lower part of the leaf is removed, lawn looks healthier and more beautiful.
Of course, frequent mowing would be a great luxury. However, to this day, with the opportunity to acquire mowing robots that gets great results. Naturally, it’s not free. However, our installed lawns monitoring and comparing their appearance, I can confidently say that lawn mowing robots every day, it seems far more beautiful.
Cutting lawn with lawn trimmers, when mowed less frequently, I would suggest you choose an acceptable mowing frequency and stick to it. The grass has the ability to adapt to the rhythm of mowing.
Mowed grass collection or mulching – is another much-debated issue. Collecting the mowed grass lawn left clean. In this manner, together with the leaves are removed and nutrients which receive grass from the soil. Then fertilization becomes more important. Mulching the grass, after cutting it still chipped and is spread on the lawn. Then dropped to the ground and rot returns nutrients to the soil. The lower the lawn mowed, the more it is cut and have more opportunities through the lawn leaves fall onto the soil. It’s still one of the advantages of robots, they often mowing and leaf tips are cut very small. Higher mowing the lawn, larger leaves, not all reach the soil. Some of them are stuck between the lawn leaf dries and becomes hay. Eventually, the accumulation in the hay, it forms the so-called “felt” that interferes with lawn grow normally.
It is necessary to monitor that the cutting machine knives are sharp. Rotary mowing the lawn mower with dull knives, cut the ends of sheets are not cut down but ripped off. Thus, not only on a distinguished injuries grass leaves, but also stems and roots.
When watering you should consider natural conditions. The first sign that lawn lacks of water – lawn stiffness loss. Frequent short-term watering is low efficient. Irrigation water to penetrate the soil up to 20 cm. daily for 1 m2 of lawn should receive according to the temperature 3 to 8 liters of water. Should be watered in the morning or in the evening when evaporation losses from the soil surface to a minimum.
Clients often say that they will water the lawn with hose support. However, in practice, that this cannot spray the more than 2 ares lawn. Watering larger areas requires too much time and effort. Then it turns to suffering and it remains not watered
Since last year, almost every summer we are droughts are torturing us there is a good chance that that money that are paid for lawn installation, will dry along with your lawn. The correct functioning of an automatic watering system will perform the work qualitatively and frees you from unnecessary headaches.
The exact material requirements can be determined only after soil testing, but the approximate rate of fertilization could be:
Spring snowmelt, nitrogen is added to 5 g / m2.
After the first cutting insert 10 g / m2 of nitrogen, 3 g / m 2 of phosphorus and 5 g / m2 of potassium.
In the second half of June are added 10 g / m2 of nitrogen, 2.5 g / m 2 of phosphorus and 5 g / m2 of potassium.
In early September is added 3 g / m 2 of phosphorus and 5 g / m2 of potassium.
However, traders have already realized that the majority of these numbers only unnecessary strain your head. They began selling fertilizer being a mixture of fertilization adapted to each session according to need. According to the lawn area obtain the required amount of fertilizer and spread them evenly on the lawn. The easiest way to do these using small household spreaders
When fertilizing grass should be dry and the soil is moist. Fertilize best before rain or watering, in order to dissolve the fertilizer.
Other lawn maintenance
Fight against weeds is possible using selective herbicides. They are not affecting grasses that consist of a lawn. They kill dicotyledonous perennial grasses, such as dandelion, thistle shall come up, clover and other. (Must be used according to the manufacturer’s instructions and comply with security requirements).
It should be distinguished lawn weeds such as moss and horsetail. Herbicides wound help here Horsetail occurs where the soil is too acidic. Moss can be caused by too much shade, too wet or too acidic soil. Get rid of these weeds will succeed only after removal of their causes: liming soil, installing drainage and shade for sowing grass mixture.
Lawn combing is made by using rake or special metal comb.This way youremovedebris, dead last year’sgrass, fromthe lawn.
Vertical lawn cutting (Scarifying), carried out by special machines 5-10 cm depth.
Soil mulching carried out in the autumn. Its purpose is to fill the resulting small bumps. The mixture is usually prepared from mulching sand, fertile soil and organic fertilizers. The mixture must be dry and free-flowing. They have to be good stir and crush.
Aeration – deep turf butting. It’s goal – to facilitate access of air and moisture into the deeper layers of compacted soil. It is carried out by special machines or forks. Immediately after aeration, it is advisable to perform and mulching, filling holes in the ground resulting loose and permeable soil.
only right and in time making all thees jobs yout lawn will be lush, green, and will provide joy.